Salaulim Dam, Goa

We lived in Goa for over a decade and a half but  explored probably less than half the state in that time. The truth is, that when one when goes anywhere as a tourist one takes the time and effort to see and do as much as one can. When one lives and works in any place, even a popular tourist destination, the last thing one gets to do there is be a tourist.

IMG_5963 (2).JPG
Salaulim Dam with it’s unusual semi-circular Duckbill Spillway.

So a visit to the Salaulim Dam in Goa was something we kept talking about but never managed to get around to. Finally, a couple of months back, a free day in the midst of a work related trip gave us the opportunity to finally visit. Salaulim Dam is about 60km from Panaji via Curchorem and about 26km from Margao.

We were quite lucky that we were in Goa at the end of the monsoon season which is the best time to visit the dam. At this time, the Salaulim River ( a tributary of the larger Zuari River) over which it is built would be in full flow.

img_5970
The road along the top of the Dam.

Most dams are pretty much like one another and what really distinguishes them from each other is the overall picture created by the magnitude of the dam, the amount of water that goes through it, the reservoir, the beauty of the surrounding landscape and scenery. While these hold true for Salaulim Dam as well, what we really wanted to see was the comparatively unusual design of this dam.

img_5948
A closer look at the Duckbill Spillway.

Salaulim Dam is built with a Duckbill Spillway with no gates. The water from the reservoir overflows into a semi-circular opening and falls down through a total height of about 140ft or so into the river below. The force with which the water falls from the reservoir into the area below is such that it sets forth a fine spray of water which almost looks like steam rising up when viewed from the bridge on the dam.

img_5981
The spray  created by the force with water rushes down through the spillway.

It might be stretching one’s imagination quite a bit, but the over cast skies, very few visitors at the dam, the sound of the water falling through the spillway and the fine mist put together  brought to mind the thought of a witch’s cauldron merrily bubbling away.

img_5954a
The water from the dam, much calmer now, flowing down the river.Along the side is the beautifully laid out Botanical Garden.

There is a wide bridge right across the dam, with the reservoir on one side and the water falling down to the river on the other side. The Dam is open to visitors from 9am to 6pm all days of the week. Entry to the bridge is ticketed and while private vehicles are not allowed on the dam, but one can walk right across and about halfway on it to see the spillway at really close quarters. Apart from water for irrigation, Salaulim Dam also provides drinking water to South Goa.

img_5952a
A view of the reservoir. If you stay long enough you’ll spot quite a few birds skimming the surface of the water or swimming about and diving for fish.
img_5982
A view of the lower part of the Dam from the top.

Since the rainy season is the best time to be there, and it is a bit of a drive from the more popular tourist spots in Goa, there are hardly ever any crowds there. There are two entrances to the Dam. The first one at the bottom of the Dam is the entry through the extensive and beautifully laid out Botanical Gardens and one can walk up to see the Dam, and it is a bit of a stiff walk. We chose to take the entrance from above which is right next to the top of the Dam and decided to skip the gardens below because of impending rain.

img_5975
Scales for measuring water height at the reservoir.
img_5973
Look out for official and scientific work.

As we were leaving, a few kilometeres from the Dam, we saw a sign pointing towards an ancient temple. When we got down to take a look, we discovered it was a Mahadeva (Shiva) temple from the 10th or 11th century when the Kadamba dynsty ruled in Goa. This temple was originally located at Kurdi, one of the 20 villages which got submerged when the Salaulim Dam was built.

img_5994
The 10th-11th century old Mahadeva temple that was relocated from Kurdi village which was submerged when the Dam was built.
img_5992
Though a bit dark inside, one can still see the marks and numbers on each stone when the temple was dismantled.

This particular temple was dismantled piece by piece, each individually numbered and marked, then relocated a little away from the Dam and rebuilt. All that exists of this temple is a stone structure with an inner empty sanctum and an eroded statue of Nandi the bull looking in. Apparently the Sivalinga (idol) was moved to the Someswara Temple at Kurdi-Angod.

img_5990
The entrance to the Mahadeva temple where the Nandi bull keeps watch.

Benaulim Beach, Goa

Goa is known as a beach destination for good reason, as the Konkan coastal part of the state is dotted with over 50 of them! While some of them are extremely popular with visiting tourists a larger number of the beaches are relatively uncrowded and free of commercial ventures because the tourists haven’t really discovered them. Many of the beaches are a part of fishing villages.

Benaulim Beach in the southern part of Goa (pronounced Benauli by the locals), not far from Colva Beach, is on the tourist map but perhaps not as crowded as some of the others. It’s a long and wide beach with a couple of resorts right on the beach and a few shacks known for the food they serve. You can also find the usual typical sort of beach tourism activities like boat rides, dolphin spotting rides, parasailing, etc.

IMG_5518
A scene typical of less crowded Goan beaches, people and dogs taking it easy.

If you’d rather enjoy a more relaxed visit, Benaulin Beach is a great place for a leisurely stroll either in the morning or the evening. Let the sands You can always find a lounging chair enjoy the breeze and drink in the spectacular sunsets.You can also watch fishermen at work whether fishing, or working on their nets depending on which part of the day you’re there.

Benaulim also has a historical significance in the Puranas legend tells that Parashurama shot an arrow from the Sahyadri mountains and it landed at Benaulim. Benaulim is supposedly a corruption by the Portuguese of the original name of the village which was Banavalli/ Banahalli (“bana” meaning arrow and “halli” meaning place).

IMG_9694
Another typical sight on many of Goa’s beaches, especially close to resorts or shacks – a line lounging chairs with coconut palm umbrellas for cover from the sun.
IMG_5520a
Lifeguards in on Benaulim Beach, next to the red flag that warns tourists against swimming or even venturing into the water as it’s unsafe.
IMG_9727
A view that’s typical of many of the larger Goan beaches – local fishing boats and nets pulled up on the sand after the morning fishing expeditions against a backdrop of tourists.
IMG_5525
A trip to the beach is not complete without a walk along the shoreline and letting the water wet one’s feet at least!
IMG_5529
One of the less spectacular sunsets at Benaulim Beach, but beautiful never the less as the setting sun burnishes the water and the sand with gold.
IMG_9741
Little birds, sandpipers I think, at sunset looking for tidbits in the sand.
IMG_5466
A cat we found taking a nap on a log just off the beach. It was suspicious but seemed happy enough to pose for my camera……
IMG_9829
One great way to spend the afternoon at the beach – find a nice chair in a shady spot and then take a nap before lunch!
IMG_9831
There are no sharks at Benaulim beach that I’m aware of, at least not of the fishy sort, but one often finds pictures like this painted on either on sign boards, hoardings, surf board, etc on many of the beaches.